“Epidemic vs Pandemic”

pandemic vs epidemic

VISION MATTERS

As defined by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemic refers to an increase, often sudden, in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected in that population in that area while pandemic refers to an epidemic that has spread over several countries or continents, usually affecting a large number of people.

Currently, the world is suffering from Coronavirus (COVID-19). As explained by the World Health Organization, it is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Along with this outbreak, many countries are in lockdown and some places are strictly mandated to stay at home so that further spread of this disease will cease while a cure is still being investigated.

While most of the people worldwide are in their homes, very likely, a drastic increase in the use of digital devices is also happening. Several optical and environmental factors have been identified as possible causes of myopia. This includes a genetic and parental history of myopia, intensive near work, less time spent outdoors. (Myopia Report). These are the cause of an alarming increase of the prevalence of Myopia (eye grade of -5.00 and below) and High Myopia (-5.00 and above) which in return gives us a significant increase in the risks for vision impairment from pathologic conditions associated with high myopia, including retinal damage, cataract, and glaucoma. Study shows that by the year 2050, 50% of the world’s population will be myopic. Given this data, we should be socially responsible for preserving our eye health and general health. By doing so, this will bring down the rate of any disease. Stay safe, home and healthy.