Previously, we mentioned that there can be a “special election” to determine whether an elective official like the governor is fit to remain, or should be removed. This special election has a technical term in the local government code. It is called the process of recall.
What is recall? Recall is a procedure where the voters can choose to remove a sitting elective official on account of loss of confidence.
Who exercises the power of recall? The power of recall shall be exercised by the registered voters of a local government unit to which the local elective official subject to recall, belongs.
What is the ground to recall an official? Loss of confidence. This is the only ground.
When may a recall election be held? One year after assumption of office. The law says no recall shall take place within one (1) year from the date of the official’s assumption to office or one (1) year immediately preceding a regular election.
How many times can an official be subject of recall proceedings? Only once during his term.
How many officials can be subject of recall at a time? One or more.
Who initiates recall? The preparatory assembly or the registered voters themselves.
What is the preparatory recall assembly? The preparatory recall assembly (PRA) is a group of local officials formed and mandated by law to initiate a recall process.
Who composes the preparatory recall assembly? For the province — all mayors, vice mayors and sanggunian members of the municipalities and cities. For the city/municipality — all punong barangays and sangguniang barangay members. For the district level — elective municipal officials of the district or elective barangay officials of the district.
How does the preparatory recall assembly initiate recall? A majority of all the members of the preparatory recall assembly may convene and decide to initiate a recall proceeding against an elective official.
What is the other way to initiate recall? Petition by the registered voters themselves.
How many registered voters are needed to initiate this type of recall? A petition by at least 25% of the total number of registered voters in the local government unit concerned, during the election which the local official sought to be recalled, was elected.
Example. If the governor is sought to be recalled, a petition by 25% of the total number of registered voters of the province is needed to start the recall. If the city mayor is sought to be recalled, then a petition by 25% of the total number of registered voters of the city is needed.